Registration charges for heavy vehicles

Heavy vehicle charges aim to recover heavy vehicle related expenditure on roads from heavy vehicle operators. This allows governments to invest in building and maintaining productive and safer roads.

Charges are a combination of an annual registration and fuel-based road user charges.

The revenue raised by registration charges is collected by state and territory governments. The revenue from the fuel-based road user charge is collected by the Commonwealth Government.

The regulatory component of the registration charge is passed onto the National Heavy Vehicle Regulator by participating states and territories.

Current registration charges for heavy vehicles

Registration charges applicable from 1 July 2021 to 30 June 2022 (inclusive of both the roads and regulatory components of the charges).

If you believe you have been charged the wrong amount, please contact the road agency in your state or territory.

The total registration charges shown below include the roads and regulatory components. Read more about the separate components.

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Division 1—Load carrying vehicles ($)
Vehicle type 2 axle 3 axle 4 axle 5 or more
axles
Trucks        
Truck (type 1) 617 968 983 983
Truck (type 2) 993 1,162 1,183 1,183
Short combination truck 1,023 1,199 2,084 2,084
Medium combination truck 9,777 9,777 10,560 10,560
Long combination truck 13,516 13,516 13,516 13,516
Prime movers        
Short combination prime mover  1,142 4,615 4,930 4,930
Multi-combination prime mover  11,594 11,594 12,753 12,753
Division 2—Load carrying trailers ($)
Charges per axle Single Tandem
axle group
Tri-axle
group
Quad-axle group
and above
Trailer type        
Pig trailer 682 655 645 641
Dog trailer 682 655 645 641
Semi trailer 682 825 585 439
B-double lead trailer and B-triple lead and middle trailers 682 825 585 439
Converter dolly or low loader dolly 55 28 18 14
Division 3—Buses ($)
Bus type 2 axles 3 axles 4 or more axles
Bus (type 1) 521    
Bus (type 2) 651 2,731 2,731
Articulated bus   648 648
Division 4—Special purpose vehicles ($)

Special purpose vehicle (type P) = No charge

Special purpose vehicle (type T) = 510

Special purpose vehicle (type O) = Calculated using the formula: 586+(384 x number of axles over 2)


Notes:

  • Truck (type 1) means a rigid truck not exceeding a Mass Rating for Charging (MRC) of 12 tonnes (2 axles), 16.5 tonnes (3 axles) or 20 tonnes (4 or more axles)
  • Truck (type 2) means a rigid truck exceeding a MRC of 12 tonnes (2 axles), 16.5 tonnes (3 axles) or 20 tonnes (4 or more axles)
  • Short combination truck means a truck nominated to haul one trailer where, according to the nomination: (a) the combination has 6 axles or fewer; and (b) the maximum total mass that is legally allowable for the combination is 42.5 tonnes or less.
  • See the Heavy Vehicle Charges Model Law for complete definitions of vehicle types.
  • All axles on a dog trailer are treated as part of one group for registration charging purposes. For example, a dog trailer with a single axle at the front and a tandem axle at the rear is treated as a tri-axle group for charging purposes.
 

Determining heavy vehicle charges

We calculate and recommend heavy vehicle registration and road user charges to the Transport and Infrastructure Council (the Council) based on the pricing principles set by the Council and the Council of Australian Governments (COAG).

The principles are:

  • full recovery of allocated infrastructure costs while minimising both the over and under recovery from any class of vehicle
  • cost effectiveness of pricing instruments
  • transparency
  • the need to balance administrative simplicity, efficiency and equity (e.g. impact on regional and remote communities/access)
  • the need to have regard to other pricing applications such as light vehicle charges, tolling and congestion
  • ongoing cost recovery in aggregate
  • the removal of cross subsidies between vehicle classes.
Annual adjustments

To ensure that heavy vehicle charges keep pace with road spending programs, an annual adjustment formula is applied in July to the previous year’s registration and road user charges. This formula is contained in the Heavy Vehicle Charges Model Law.

Determinations

In some years, we recommend a new set of charges to the Council based on updated methodologies and data. These recommendations are called ‘determinations’. A determination sets a new baseline upon which the annual adjustment formula can be applied to in future years.

Council decisions

2021 decisions 

For 2021-22 heavy vehicle charges a 2.5 per cent increase was approved by Ministers on 30 March 2021 following public consultation

2020 decisions

On 22 November 2019, the Council identified a preference for charges to rise by 2.5 per cent in 2020–21 and 2.5 per cent in 2021–22, subject to consideration by governments where necessary.

The Council also directed the NTC to undertake a determination to review the method for calculating heavy vehicle charges.

Following public consultation, the Council decided on 5 May 2020 that heavy vehicle charges in 2020–21 would remain unchanged. The Council made this decision in light of the extraordinary contraction in economic activity and income expected for the June quarter, and in recognition that some operators are working hard under tight margins to keep essential goods moving during the COVID-19 pandemic, while others are experiencing a severe downturn in work.

The PAYGO model

Australia uses a pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) model which determines annual registration and fuel-based road user charges. PAYGO was introduced in Australia in 1992 to:

  • help recover the marginal or attributable costs of road wear and tear for each heavy vehicle type
  • recover a share of common road costs which benefit all road users, such as street lighting, rest bays and signage
  • ensure heavy vehicles pay their share of road spending.

Revenue recovered through heavy vehicle charges helps governments provide better and safer roads.

Around 40 per cent of heavy vehicle costs are recovered as state and territory registration fees, with the balance paid through a fuel-based road user charge which is collected by the Commonwealth Government.

To calculate heavy vehicle charges using the PAYGO model, we use the latest heavy vehicle and trailer population data as well as seven year averages for both road expenditure and vehicle usage data. This data averaging ensures that charges do not change significantly in response to short-term changes in expenditure or vehicle use.

For more information, see the PAYGO model user manual.

Application of charges to vehicle types

Two axle rigid truck
Image
Two axle rigid truck

Up to 12.0t
$617

Over 12.0t
$993


Two axle short combination truck with a two axle dog trailer
Image
Two axle short combo truck with two axle dog trailer

Up to 42.5t
$1,023 + $1,310 = $2,333


Three axle rigid truck
Image
Three axle rigid truck

Up to 16.5t
$968

Over 16.5t
$1,162


Three axle short or medium combination truck with a three axle dog trailer

Up to 42.5t
$1,199 + $1,935 = $3,134

Over 42.5t
$9,777 + $1,935 = $11,712


Three axle medium combination truck with a four axle dog trailer
Image
Three axle medium combination truck with four axle dog trailer

Over 42.5t
$9,777 + $2,564 = $12,341


Four axle twin steer rigid truck

Up to 20.0t
$983

Over 20.0t
$1,183


Two axle bus

Up to 12.0t
$521

Over 12.0t
$651


Three axle bus
Image
Three axle bus

$2,731


Six axle semi-trailer


$4,615 + $1,755 = $6,370


Nine axle B-double
Image
Nine axle b-double


$11,594 + $3,510 = $15,104


Double road train
Image
Double road train


$11,594 + $3,566 = $15,160


Triple road train


$11,594 + $5,377 = $16,971