Bus & coach / Rules & compliance

Australian buses make up five per cent of our urban passenger task and the coach sector (long distance, rural, tour, charter and express bus operators) make up eight per cent of the total non urban passenger task.

Rules & compliance

The Heavy Vehicle National Law (HVNL) is the one rule book for heavy vehicles (including buses and coaches) weighing over 4.5 tonnes gross vehicle mass.

Taking a consistent approach to managing heavy vehicles, the HVNL is currently in force in Queensland, New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, Tasmania, and South Australia, and will commence in the Northern Territory at a later date. Western Australia has no plan to implement the HVNL at this stage.

Buses and coaches are subject to the HVNL and regulations. The HVNL contains information about:

  • mass, dimension and loading
  • speeding
  • driver fatigue
  • intelligent access
  • accreditation
  • enforcement
  • other administrative arrangements.

Buses and coaches may also be subject to local provisions about passenger transport services, as well as accessible transport standards. These matters are not covered by the HVNL.


Last Updated: 15/11/2018